Jewish dating pdf

If there was a calendar shift, the length of the missing-years period would be 164 or 165 years.A popular explanation for the missing years suggests that the Jewish sages interpreted the prophecy in Daniel –27 as meaning that there would be 490 years from the destruction of the First Temple to the destruction of the Second Temple and, working backwards from the destruction of the Second Temple (in 3828 AM), wrongly dated the destruction of the First Temple (in 3338 AM).R' Nachman Krochmal in Guide to the perplexed of our times (Hebrew, 1851) points to the Greek name Antigonos mentioned in the beginning of Avot as proof that there must have been a longer period to account for this sign of Hellenic influence.He posits that certain books of the Bible such as Kohelet and Isaiah were written or redacted during this period.Rabbinic tradition says that the First Temple was destroyed in "year 3338" AM and the Second Temple in "year 3828" AM.If there was no calendar shift, the Common Era equivalents would be 423 BCE and 68 CE, respectively.

Since Judah's regnal years were counted from Tishri in autumn, this would place the end of his reign and the capture of Jerusalem in the summer of 586 BCE.He installed in his place a king (Zedekiah) of his own choice, and after he had received rich tribute, he sent forth to Babylon.6 Against him (Jehoiakim) came up Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and bound him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon. 9 Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem...The Chronicles, with the names of Jewish kings, is derived from British Museum - Cuneiform tablet with part of the Babylonian Chronicle (605-594 BC), (See also Chronicle Concerning the Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar II Reverse, lines 11' - 13') In the seventh year (of Nebuchadnezzar, 599 BCE) in the month Chislev (Nov/Dec) the king of Babylon assembled his army, and after he had invaded the land of Hatti (northern Syria and southern Anatolia) he laid siege to the city of Judah.On the second day of the month of Adar (16 March) he conquered the city and took the king (Jeconiah) prisoner.

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